Belur Math Kolkata

Belur Math Kolkata

Kolkata, the third-largest city and undoubtedly the “Cultural Capital of India” has been a pioneering conurbation in Indian Renaissance. The city- squalid, desperate, and simultaneously noble, until today, reflects the edifying core of India. If you think Kolkata is only a pandemonium, a nascent and soul mollifying religiosity thrives among the millennial residents as well. Kolkata is an escape of religious harmony and a plethora of pilgrimage hotspots, appealing every heart with its spiritual delights, dwells in the city.


Every nook and cranny of the city brims with ethnicity, and no wonder, Kolkata is a divine hub of innumerable temples and extensive pilgrimage sites. The mysticism of the city is smudged on the walls of ancient religious temples like Belur Math. Travelers from round the periphery boundlessly absorb themselves into the spiritual significance of Belur Math and other religious places that Kolkata is proud of. Belur Math, however, is a rich insight into the heritage, culture, religion, art, architecture, and history of Kolkata.


If you are amidst the chaos, you will soon seek out for an oasis of peace and solace. Belur Math is one of the most engaging and peculiar pilgrimage centers where one can soak itself in layers of divinity and culture. The erstwhile British colony seats this fascinating temple, well-known worldwide for its underlying significance in the socio-religious reform of Ramkrishna Movement, led by Vivekananda. It’s a non-sectarian organization which is engaged in various forms of social service towards humanity. The organization is inspired by the ideals of renunciation and service where the monks and lay devotees of the Math serve millions of downtrodden souls. People from every religious and non-religious sect dedicate themselves to the devotion of Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa, Sri Sarada Devi, and Swami Vivekananda.

History of Belur Math, Kolkata

The history of Belur Math is rather intriguing. The vision behind the establishment of Belur Math by Swami Vivekananda and his brother was to carry forward the teachings of their Guru, Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa. The temple was erected in 1935 on the banks of the sacred Ganges, reflecting the ideas of “Universal Faith” and selfless service to humanity. The history buffs would be enriched to know that the founding idea of the temple lingered on Swami Vivekananda’s mind while he was traveling far and wide as a wandering monk to serve the destitute, poor, and sick.


The beautiful monastery was the outcome of his gathered inspiration from the oodles of architectural monuments and ancient temples that he witnessed on his social service in India. The design of the temple was based on unleashing the symbolism of “Religious Diversity”, the blueprint of which was laid down by his fellow disciple and brother, Swami Vijnanananda. This monastery is one of the two monasteries founded by Swami which were built to receive and train young men to become sannyasis or religious ascetic of Ramakrishna Mission.

Architecture of Belur Math, Kolkata

Belur Math is an amalgamation of designs inspired from the intricacies of ancient buildings and temples reflecting different religious faiths. The heritage of Belur Math or Vivekananda Math is rightly the “Symphony in Architecture”.


The main gateway of the temple is a replica of the high temple entrances of South India while depicting an influence of the Buddhist style. The three umbrella-shaped domes of the temple highlight the thatched roof styles of Kamarpukur village of West Bengal. Belur Math is the ideal medley of world architecture with its exteriors representing the classical Ajanta period with different figurines of celestial beings, and its windows and cantilevered balconies reflecting the Mughal era.


Rightly like the Buddhist chatiyas, the pathway for parikrama around the sanctum sanctorum is built. A golden kalasha underneath a full-bloomed lotus on top of the central dome adds to the essence of the structure.

Places to See in Belur Math

The Belur Math or the Ramakrishna Math shrine represents a church, mosque, and temple when viewed from different angles reflecting an epic symbol- “God is one”. The sanctity of the place is befitting with the Old Shrine, the Ramakrishna Temple, and Swamiji’s mortal remains at the Swami Vivekananda Temple, Swami Vivekananda Room, Sri Sarada Devi Temple or the Holy Mother Temple, Swami Brahmananda Temple, the Samadhi Enclosure, the Ramakrishna Museum.

Places to Visit near Belur Math

• Hazar Haat Kali Mandir

• Vidyamandir Auditorium

• Andul Raj Bari

Dakshineswar Kali Temple

• Botanical Gardens

• Regional Rail Museum

Howrah Bridge

Belur Math Visiting Time

Monday to Sunday:

6:00 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. (April to September)

4:00 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. (April to September)

6:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. (October to March)

4:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. (October to March)

Entry Fees

There is no entry fee levied for the visit to Math.

How to Reach Belur Math

The immense heritage is located on the west banks of Hooghly River, in Belur, 4 km from Howrah Station towards north. One can easily reach the Math via local bus, train or ferry.