Indian Museum Kolkata

Indian Museum Kolkata

Kolkata springs with the effervescence of cultures, traditions, literature, and colonial ruins. It is the city which is the ultimate hub of intellect and a cradle of India’s freedom struggle. Kolkata is the face of Bengal Renaissance brimming with a past of revolutionaries and colonialism that are reflected today in the copious museums and historical heritages. Kolkata, a city offers rich insights into the history of India. The museums are absolute delights to the history buffs offering flabbergasting glimpses of the cultural legacy of the state since decades. If you are out on a visit to Kolkata’s attractive tourist locations, you cannot afford to miss the city’s museums thronged with eclectic students, tourists, and local families.


Are you in the city of joy and want to travel back into time? Head to one of the most beautiful museums that Kolkata stands proud of and take a trip to the past. Dotted with art, archeology, geology, anthropology, zoology, and industry, the Indian Museum in Kolkata is the largest museum in India and one of the largest museums in the world. Established in 1814, the museum is perhaps the most ancient museum that India is a witness to. The house is a global corner of historical artifacts and an accolade of architectural benevolence. It boasts of its exceptional compilation of antiques, jewelries, Egyptian Mummies, fossils, ancient relics. With augmenting knowledge of the old civilization, science, and education, the dainty museum is the ultimate peek into the history of the world. The museum, popularly known as Kolkata Jadughar, counts among the top attractions of Kolkata which is sure to leave you awe-inspired out of sheer interest.

History of Indian Museum, Kolkata

Indian Museum or the Imperial Museum, founded 200 years ago, is the earliest multipurpose museum in India which is unlike every other museum dedicated to mere themes or areas. Indian Museum is an exquisite house compiling interdisciplinary fields. Every notable establishment that is acquainted to us is an insight into a specific motto. The origins of construction of the “Jadughar” travels back to the time of 1814 when its foundation stone was laid by Asiatic Society of Bengal.


The Asiatic Society was founded with the sole objective of ensuring the flow of knowledge and preservation of natural and cultural heritage of human civilization. However, the objective seemed achievable only when the Society could come up with its own building in 1808, in Park Street in collaboration with Government of India. The construction of a museum was detained for the next six years of its proposal. It was Nathaniel Wallich, a Danish botanist, who realized the importance of a museum, and wrote a letter to the council. He was the honorary curator of the museum who offered to volunteer with his own collection of botanical specimens. He was later appointed as the Superintendent of the Imperial Museum.


The establishment found its roots with attempts made to assemble fascinating artifacts and objects across the country. Donors from both Europe and India rendered a varied collection of items. It was finally in the year of 1867 when the construction of the museum was laid in Chowringhee Road. The crafting of the building was completed in 1875 and in 1878 the door was open to public entry with two bewildering galleries.

Architecture of Indian Museum, Kolkata

Indian Museum was designed by Walter Granville to replicate the British Museum in a grand neoclassical style. Classical composition of the museum is claimed as one of the best of Granville’s, which is as charming and handsome as his General Post Office. It is a top-class building excelling in perfection and graciousness. Surrounded by a colonnaded courtyard, and an Italianate palace, the museum is revered by all.


Walter’s intricacy in work is well reflected in the grandeur of the interiors. The inside of the museum is adorned with Marshall Wood’s stature of a young-looking Queen Victoria standing elegantly at the stairway. Granville’s haven of beauty was once recognized as the very heart of the “City of Palaces”. It’s the House of Wonder and a paradise for the history and science enthusiasts. Exhibiting Mughal Paintings, skeletons, armors, and many galleries including the exotic Coin Gallery preserving journals and rare publications, the Indian Museum in Kolkata is more than just another museum. It is the ultimate engagement of knowledge for people of all ages.

Places to Visit near Indian Museum, Kolkata

• Maidan

• Birla Planetarium

• Writer’s Building

Victoria Memorial

Princep Ghat

• Fort William

• St Paul’s Cathedral

Marble Palace

• Eden Gardens

• Town Hall

How to Reach Indian Museum

Indian Museum is located at 27, Jawaharlal Nehru Road, New Market Area, Dharmatala, in Kolkata. One can board buses to access the Indian Museum from the Esplanade bus stand area at the Chowringhee Road. Private cabs and taxis are also available on bookings.

Indian Museum, Kolkata- Entry Fee

Indian visitors: INR 10/head

Foreign visitors: INR 150/head

Indian Museum, Kolkata- Timing

Tuesday-Sunday:

March to November

10:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.

December to February

10:00 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.

Monday Closed